Age and gender differences in the relation between self-concept facets and self-esteem
This study tested whether the gender intensification hypothesis applies to relations between multiple domain-specific self-concept facets and self-esteem.
This hypothesis predicts gender-stereotypic differences in these relations and assumes they intensify with age. Furthermore, knowledge about gender-related or age-related differences in self-concept-self-esteem relations might provide valuable knowledge for designing effective self-esteem enhancement interventions. We investigated grade and gender differences in the relations between domain-specific self-concept facets and self-esteem within a sample of 1958 German students in Grades 3 to 6. Results indicated no difference in the self-concept - self-esteem relations between the subsamples of third and fourth graders and fifth and sixth graders or between boys and girls. These relations also did not differ between boys and girls in the subsamples of third and fourth graders and fifth and sixth graders. These results suggest self-concept-self-esteem relations to be invariant across grade levels and gender and thus did not support the gender intensification hypothesis.
Arens, A. Katrin; Hasselhorn, Marcus. Age and gender differences in the relation between self-concept facets and self-esteem, in: Journal of Early Adolescence, 34 (2014) 6, 760-791