Competencies - development, acquisition
The development of competencies particularly takes general cognitive competencies into perspective. On one hand, these can be categorised as adhering to the area of attention and working memory, on the other hand, they belong to the area of user strategies and metacognitive regulation of learning and memorizing strategies. Moreover,domain-specific cognitive competencies and differential developmental paths of facets of the motivational system and volitional styles of action control that bear a positive impact on learning are reconstructed.
The topic of “acquisition of individual competencies“ deals with aspects such as how learning can be facilitated in the kindergarten and how school instruction can be optimally designed to achieve individual competence improvement. The researchers are not only interested in identifying generally beneficial learning contexts and approaches, but also pursue the question how children with particular risks (e.g. because of neurocognitive disorders or disadvantage social backgrounds) can be most effectively supported.