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Autor:
Ren, Xuezhu; Goldhammer, Frank; Moosbrugger, Helfried; Schweizer, Karl:

Titel:
How does attention relate to the ability-specific and position-specific components of reasoning measured by APM?

Quelle:
In: Learning and Individual Differences, 22 (2012) 1 , 1-7

URL des Volltextes:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2011.09.009

DOI:
doi:10.1016/j.lindif.2011.09.009

Sprache:
Englisch

Dokumenttyp:
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Schlagwörter:
Arbeitsgedächtnis, Aufmerksamkeit, Empirische Untersuchung, Kognitionspsychologie, Kognitive Kompetenz, Kognitive Prozesse, Korrelation, Logik, Messverfahren, Psychometrie, Statistische Analyse, Student, Test, Wirkung


Abstract(englisch):
The aim of the present study was to clarify the nature of the ability-specific and position-specific components of Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM) by relating them to a number of types of attention. The ability-specific component represents the constant part of cognitive performance whereas the position-specific component reflects the changes in processing of reasoning items as a result of the changing item position. A special model denoted fixed-links model was used to decompose the data of APM into independent components. Both components were related to two higher-order units of attention, perceptual attention and executive attention, which were derived from the various types of attention. In a sample of 226 participants the position-specific component of APM showed a substantially higher link with executive attention than with perceptual attention whereas the ability-specific component only showed a moderate link with perceptual attention.


DIPF-Abteilung:
Bildungsqualität und Evaluation

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zuletzt verändert: 11.11.2016