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Autor:
Baltruschat, Lisa; Hasselhorn, Marcus; Tarbox, Jonathan; Dixon, Dennis R.; Najdowski, Adel C.; Mullins, Ryan D.; Gould, Evelyn R.:

Titel:
The effects of multiple exemplar training on a working memory task involving sequential responding in children with autism

Quelle:
In: The Psychological Record, 62 (2012) 3 , 549-562

URL des Volltextes:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF03395820

Sprache:
Englisch

Dokumenttyp:
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Schlagwörter:
Arbeitsgedächtnis, Autismus, Belohnungsaufschub, Evaluation, Kind, Kognitive Prozesse, Messung, Test, Verhaltenstraining, Wirkung


Abstract(original):
This study is part of a programmatic line of research into the use of basic positive reinforcement procedures for improving working memory in children with autism spectrum disorders. The authors evaluated the effects of multiple exemplar training, utilizing positive reinforcement, on performance of a "digitspan backwards" task - a test of working memory that entails sequential relational responding. All three participants showed improved performance on directly trained stimuli as well as maintenance and generalization to untrained stimuli. The results provide further support for the general hypothesis that performance on working memory tasks is amenable to improvement via behavioral intervention and has implications for treating such tasks as relational operants. Implications for future research and the development of clinical interventions are discussed. (DIPF/Orig.)


DIPF-Abteilung:
Bildung und Entwicklung

Notizen:

zuletzt verändert: 11.11.2016