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Wahl, Hans-Werner; Wettstein, Markus; Shoval, Noam; Oswald, Frank; Kaspar, Roman; Issacson, Michal; Voss, Elke; Auslander, Gail; Heinik, Jeremia:

Interplay of cognitive and motivational resources for out-of-home behavior in a sample of cognitively heterogeneous older adults
Findings from the SenTra project

In: Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 68 (2013) 5 , 691-702

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3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Alter, Befragung, Depression, Deutschland, Empirische Untersuchung, Entwicklungsstörung, Gerontologie, Indikator, Israel, Kognitive Entwicklung, Kognitive Prozesse, Messung, Motivation, Projekt, Regressionsanalyse, Senior, Test, Umwelteinfluss, Verhalten, Wohlbefinden

We examined in this study the hypothesis that cognitive resources are more closely linked with out-of-home behavior than motivational resources. A cognitively heterogeneous sample of 222 older adults aged 59-91 years (M = 72.7; SD = 6.2), including 146 cognitively healthy persons and 76 persons with mild cognitive impairment - recruited in the German and Israeli arm of the SenTra project - was used for the analysis. Out-of-home behavior was assessed by means of global positioning system technology (time out of home; number of nodes visited) as well as by questionnaire (out-of-home activities). Mini-Mental State Examination and trail-making tests A and B were used to assess cognitive resources. Well-being, depression, and environmental mastery were assessed as motivational resources. Findings at the zero-order and latent variable levels confirmed that cognitive resources were more closely linked with out-of-home behavior than motivational resources. Findings support the view that well-being-related motivations to exert out-of-home behavior may become less important in old age because of the increasing cognitive resources required by such behavior.

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