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Autor:
Wahl, Hans-Werner; Wettstein, Markus; Shoval, Noam; Oswald, Frank; Kaspar, Roman; Issacson, Michal; Voss, Elke; Auslander, Gail; Heinik, Jeremia:

Titel:
Interplay of cognitive and motivational resources for out-of-home behavior in a sample of cognitively heterogeneous older adults
Findings from the SenTra project

Quelle:
In: Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 68 (2013) 5 , 691-702

URL des Volltextes:
http://psychsocgerontology.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/gbs106

Sprache:
Englisch

Dokumenttyp:
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Schlagwörter:
Alter, Befragung, Depression, Deutschland, Empirische Untersuchung, Entwicklungsstörung, Gerontologie, Indikator, Israel, Kognitive Entwicklung, Kognitive Prozesse, Messung, Motivation, Projekt, Regressionsanalyse, Senior, Test, Umwelteinfluss, Verhalten, Wohlbefinden


Abstract(englisch):
We examined in this study the hypothesis that cognitive resources are more closely linked with out-of-home behavior than motivational resources. A cognitively heterogeneous sample of 222 older adults aged 59-91 years (M = 72.7; SD = 6.2), including 146 cognitively healthy persons and 76 persons with mild cognitive impairment - recruited in the German and Israeli arm of the SenTra project - was used for the analysis. Out-of-home behavior was assessed by means of global positioning system technology (time out of home; number of nodes visited) as well as by questionnaire (out-of-home activities). Mini-Mental State Examination and trail-making tests A and B were used to assess cognitive resources. Well-being, depression, and environmental mastery were assessed as motivational resources. Findings at the zero-order and latent variable levels confirmed that cognitive resources were more closely linked with out-of-home behavior than motivational resources. Findings support the view that well-being-related motivations to exert out-of-home behavior may become less important in old age because of the increasing cognitive resources required by such behavior.


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Bildungsqualität und Evaluation

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zuletzt verändert: 11.11.2016