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Smyth, Joshua M.; Neubauer, Andreas B.; Russell, Michael A.:

Assessing and understanding the role of everyday emotion and affect in relation to stress and health

In: Emotion Researcher, ISRE's Sourcebook for Research on Emotion and Affect, (2018)

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3b. Beiträge in weiteren Zeitschriften; wissenschaftsorientiert

Emotion, Emotionaler Zustand, Alltag, Umwelteinfluss, Stress, Gesundheit, Messung, Messverfahren, Einflussfaktor, Validität, Tagesablauf, Unterschied

EMA [Ecological Momentary Assessment] offers some notable features for the study of emotions in everyday life; we see these as advantages/strengths of EMA, although of course their relevance and utility depend upon the purpose of study. There are many comprehensive reviews and chapters that outline the potential benefits of EMA in general (e.g., see Shiffman, Stone, & Hufford, 2008; Smyth et al., 2017; Trull & Ebner-Priemer, 2013), so we will not duplicate those arguments here. Rather, we focus on a few features of EMA approaches, and the resultant data one obtains, that seem of particular importance and interest for researchers interested in emotional states, emotional processes, and health. Namely, the opportunity to study emotional processes as they unfold in natural settings in everyday life (i.e., ecological validity, broadly defined) and the capacity to collect repeated observations from the same individuals over time and across varying contexts and situations (i.e., the capacity to capture data on - and model appropriately - both between- and within-person parameters, including time/temporal processes). We then outline several important opportunities and challenges regarding the use of EMA for emotion-health research that we hope will help inspire future research. (DIPF/Orig.)

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