Opening pathways and facilitating lifelong learning:
Lessons from international studies on learning.
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Results of international studies on learning achievements point to the importance of basic skills (literacy) and key competencies as necessary conditions for the facilitating of successful lifelong learning. The development of keycompetencies is based on the mastery of basic skills. Where education fails to establish basic skills, the advancement to higher forms of learning are severly constrained. Besides the formal school system the socio-cultural background of the family is the most important factor for the success of learning of young people. In some countries there are very high correlations between social status and school achievement which points to the fact, that learners with lower socio-economic background have a lower probability to succeed in the learning society. Therefore the educational system should be arranged as to guarantee high levels of competencies as well as the minimization of the effects of social disparities. International assessment studies have not been designed to offer hints for interventions to optimize teaching and learning on a scientific basis. At the time being one can only argue by connecting the results of assessement studies with those on teaching and learning and with our knowledge about teaching and learning cultures. Some proposals will be offered which concentrate on the quality of education focussing on the personality of the teacher and the cultural background of the learner.
Bildungsqualität und Evaluation