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Autor:
Paul-Jordanov, Isabella; Bechtold, Marieke; Gawrilow, Caterina:

Titel:
Methylphenidate and if-then plans are comparable in modulating the P300 and increasing response inhibition in children with ADHD

Quelle:
In: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders, 2 (2010) 3 , 115-126

URL des Volltextes:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12402-010-0028-9

DOI:
doi:10.1007/s12402-010-0028-9

Sprache:
Englisch

Dokumenttyp:
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Schlagwörter:
Aufmerksamkeit, Deutschland, Experiment, Förderung, Forschungsdesign, Gehirn, Hyperaktivität, Kind, Kognitive Prozesse, Neurophysiologie, Selbstregulation, Strategie


Abstract(englisch):
A disturbed functioning of the prefrontal cortex, the anterior cingulate cortex, and an accordingly reduced P300 presumably underlies executive function deficits of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD). Using a combined classification and Go/ NoGo task paradigm, the present study investigated whether medication with methylphenidate (MPH) modulates the P300 as measured by a high-density electroencephalogram ( EEG) and facilitates response inhibition in children with ADHD. Further, effects of MPH were compared with effects of self-regulation by if-then plans (Gollwitzer in Am Psychol 54: 493 503, 1999). MPH as well as if-then plans modulated the P300 and improved inhibition of an unwanted response on a Go/NoGo task to the same level observed in children without ADHD. Importantly, self-regulation strategies might be a valuable alternative to medication with MPH in children with ADHD.(DIPF/Orig.)


DIPF-Abteilung:
Bildung und Entwicklung

Notizen:

zuletzt verändert: 11.11.2016