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Brose, Annette; Blanke, Elisabeth S.; Schmiedek, Florian; Kramer, Andrea C.; Schmidt, Andrea; Neubauer, Andreas B.:

Change in mental health symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic
The role of appraisals and daily life experiences

In: Journal of Personality, 89 (2021) 3 , 468-482

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3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Affekt, Emotionaler Zustand, Bewertung, Pandemie, Stress, Wohlbefinden, Achtsamkeit, Psychohygiene, Alltag, Erfahrung, Empirische Untersuchung, Tagebuch, Pretest, Deutschland

Intro: When confronted with major threats, people often experience decline in wellbeing. The central purpose of this study was to identify mechanisms underlying change of wellbeing in times of threat, using the example of the COVID19 pandemic, with a focus on appraisals of the pandemic and affective states, stress, as well as mindfulness in daily life. Methods: We conducted a study across 3.5 weeks, including pretest, posttest, and a diary phase inbetween. We worked with a sample of 460 adults, pre and posttest information, as well as 7189 observations from the diary phase. Results: Results showed that deterioration in mental health symptoms across the duration of the study was associated with (a) change towards less fortunate appraisals of the pandemic and (b), more negative affect and less mindfulness in daily life. Furthermore, appraisals of the pandemic at pretest predicted experiences in daily life, with more negative appraisals of the pandemic predicting more negative affect and stressor occurrence as well as less mindfulness. Discussion: These findings speak to the dynamic nature of wellbeing and appraisals in times of threat, and highlight the role of experiences in daily life in changes in wellbeing. (DIPF/Orig.)

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