Autor*innen: Kleinspehn-Ammerlahn, Anna; Riediger, Michaela; Schmiedek, Florian; von Oertzen, Timo; Li, Shu-Chen; Lindenberger, Ulman
Titel: Dyadic drumming across the lifespan reveals a zone of proximal
development in children
In: Developmental Psychology, 47 (2011) 3, S. 632-644
Dokumenttyp: 3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)
Schlagwörter: Deutschland; Empirische Forschung; Entwicklungspsychologie; Erwachsener; Generationenbeziehung; Kind; Lebensalter; Methodologie; Soziale Erfahrung; Soziale Interaktion; Verhalten
Abstract: Many social interactions require the synchronization - be it automatically or intentionally - of one s own behavior with that of others. Using a dyadic drumming paradigm, the authors delineate lifespan differences in interpersonal action synchronization (IAS). Younger children, older children, younger adults, and older adults in same- and mixed-age dyads were instructed to drum in synchrony with their interaction partner at a constant, self-chosen tempo. Adult-only dyads showed the highest and children only the lowest levels of IAS accuracy. It is important to note that children improved reliably in IAS accuracy when paired with older partners. The observed age-related differences in IAS accuracy remained reliable after statistically controlling for individual differences in the ability to synchronize to a metronome and for between-dyad differences in tempo. The authors conclude that IAS improves from middle childhood to adulthood and that adult interaction partners may facilitate its development.
DIPF-Abteilung: Bildung und Entwicklung