Autor*innen: Gawrilow, Caterina; Merkt, Julia; Goossens Merkt, Heinrich; Bodenburg, Sebastian; Wendt, Mike
Titel: Multitasking in adults with ADHD
In: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders, 3 (2011) 3, S. 253-264
Dokumenttyp: 3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)
Schlagwörter: Aufmerksamkeits-Hyperaktivitäts-Defizit-Störung; Erwachsener; Experimentelle Untersuchung; Kognitive Prozesse; Leistungsfähigkeit; Motivation; Stimmung; Testaufgabe
Abstract (english): Adults with ADHD have problems in everyday multitasking situations presumably because of deficits in executive functions. The present study aims to find out (a) whether adults with ADHD show deficient multitasking performance in a standardized task, (b) how they perceive the multitasking situation, and (c) which task structure might be beneficial for them as compared with adults without ADHD. Therefore, we experimentally compared task performance, mood, and motivation in a group of 45 men with ADHD (M-age = 34.47, SD = 9.95) with a comparison group of 42 men without ADHD (M-age = 31.12, SD = 10.59) in three conditions: (a) a multitasking paradigm, (b) an interleaving condition in which tasks had to be performed without planning or monitoring, and (c) a non-interleaving condition. Our results showed no impaired multitasking performance in adults with ADHD. However, they showed better mood and more motivation in the non-interleaving condition.
DIPF-Abteilung: Bildung und Entwicklung