Autor*innen: Wahl, Hans-Werner; Wettstein, Markus; Shoval, Noam; Oswald, Frank; Kaspar, Roman; Issacson, Michal; Voss, Elke; Auslander, Gail; Heinik, Jeremia
Titel: Interplay of cognitive and motivational resources for out-of-home behavior in a sample of cognitively heterogeneous older adults. Findings from the SenTra project
In: Journals of Gerontology. Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 68 (2013) 5, S. 691-702
Dokumenttyp: 3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)
Schlagwörter: Alter; Befragung; Depression; Deutschland; Empirische Untersuchung; Entwicklungsstörung; Gerontologie; Indikator; Israel; Kognitive Entwicklung; Kognitive Prozesse; Messung; Motivation; Projekt; Regressionsanalyse; Senior; Test; Umwelteinfluss; Verhalten; Wohlbefinden
Abstract (english): We examined in this study the hypothesis that cognitive resources are more closely linked with out-of-home behavior than motivational resources. A cognitively heterogeneous sample of 222 older adults aged 59-91 years (M = 72.7; SD = 6.2), including 146 cognitively healthy persons and 76 persons with mild cognitive impairment - recruited in the German and Israeli arm of the SenTra project - was used for the analysis. Out-of-home behavior was assessed by means of global positioning system technology (time out of home; number of nodes visited) as well as by questionnaire (out-of-home activities). Mini-Mental State Examination and trail-making tests A and B were used to assess cognitive resources. Well-being, depression, and environmental mastery were assessed as motivational resources. Findings at the zero-order and latent variable levels confirmed that cognitive resources were more closely linked with out-of-home behavior than motivational resources. Findings support the view that well-being-related motivations to exert out-of-home behavior may become less important in old age because of the increasing cognitive resources required by such behavior.
DIPF-Abteilung: Bildungsqualität und Evaluation