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Lindberg, Sven; Linkersdörfer, Janosch; Ehm, Jan-Henning; Hasselhorn, Marcus; Lonnemann, Jan:

Gender differences in children's math self-concept in the first years of elementary school

In: Journal of Education and Learning, 2 (2013) 3 , 1-8

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Document type
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Geschlechtsspezifischer Unterschied, Grundschule, Grundschüler, Junge, Mädchen, Mathematikunterricht, Mathematische Kompetenz, Schuljahr 01, Schuljahr 02, Selbstkonzept, Test, Vergleich

In the course of elementary school children start to develop an academic self-concept reflecting their motivation, thoughts, and feelings about a specific domain. For the domain of mathematics, gender differences can emerge which are characterized by a less pronounced math self-concept for girls. However, studies are rather sparse regarding the early years of elementary school education, hence, the point in time when such gender differences emerge yet remains a matter of debate. In our study, we found that the math self-concept of elementary school children (n = 81) declined from first to second grade. While no differences in math achievement were observed between girls and boys, it became apparent that girls' math self-concept was already less pronounced than the math self-concept of boys in the first years of elementary school. Our findings emphasize the importance of considering such gender differences even at the beginning of school education.

Education and Human Development