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Chmielewski, Anna K.; Dumont, Hanna; Trautwein, Ulrich:

Tracking effects depend on tracking type
An international comparison of students' mathematics self-concept

In: American Educational Research Journal, 50 (2013) 5 , 925-957


Document type
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Bezugsgruppe, Datenanalyse, Internationaler Vergleich, Leistungsdifferenzierung, Mathematik, OECD-Länder, PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), Schüler, Schülerleistung, Schulsystem, Selbstkonzept, Vergleich, Vergleichsuntersuchung

The aim of the present study was to examine how different types of tracking - between-school streaming, within-school streaming, and course-by-course tracking - shape students' mathematics self-concept. This was done in an internationally comparative framework using data from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). After controlling for individual and track mean achievement, results indicated that generally for students in course-by-course tracking, high-track students had higher mathematics self-concepts and low-track students had lower mathematics self-concepts. For students in between-school and within-school streaming, the reverse pattern was found. These findings suggest a solution to the ongoing debate about the effects of tracking on students' academic self-concept and suggest that the reference groups to wich students compare themselves differ according to the type of tracking.

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