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Marksteiner, Tamara; Ask, Karl; Dickhäuser, Oliver; Reinhard, Marc-André:

Saving cognitive resources when possible
The role of judgment consequences and the judgment tendency of other teachers in teachers' assessment of students

In: Social Psychology of Education, 18 (2015) 4 , 735-747


Document type
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Deutschland, Einflussfaktor, Erklärung, Experimentelle Untersuchung, Interview, Kognitive Prozesse, Lehrer, Lehrerurteil, Leistungsbeurteilung, Lüge, Schüler, Strategie, Videoaufzeichnung, Wahrheit

The present experimental study explores whether teachers are 'clever' thinkers when assessing students' credibility, i.e., saving cognitive resources when possible and making accurate judgments. Participants were asked to decide whether student statements about using unfair means during a test were true or deceptive. First, participants own judgment tendency (a true vs. lie tendency) was manipulated by informing them about the resource-consuming consequences of their judgment, i.e., giving additional explanations for each student statement they judged as being true (vs. a lie). Before actually judging the students' statements they were informed about the judgment tendency of other teachers about the upcoming student statements (true vs. lie tendency of other teachers). It was assumed that participants 'cleverly' choose a resource-saving judgment tendency and show a true (vs. lie) tendency when additional explanations for their lie (vs. true) judgments were required. Moreover, it was assumed that participants' accuracy rate would be higher if their own judgment tendency opposed the judgment tendency of other teachers. The results indicate that teachers are 'clever' thinkers. Practical implications are discussed. (DIPF/Orig.)

Educational Quality and Evaluation