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Goldhammer, Frank; Naumann, Johannes; Greiff, Samuel:

More is not always better
The relation between item response and item response time in Raven's matrices

In: Journal of Intelligence, 3 (2015) 41 , 21-40

URL of full text:


Englisch/ Deutsch

Document type
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Antwort, Datenanalyse, Denken, Einflussfaktor, Fehler, Matrizentest, Schwierigkeit, Wirkung, Zeit

The role of response time in completing an item can have very different interpretations. Responding more slowly could be positively related to success as the item is answered more carefully. However, the association may be negative if working faster indicates higher ability. The objective of this study was to clarify the validity of each assumption for reasoning items considering the mode of processing. A total of 230 persons completed a computerized version of Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices test. Results revealed that response time overall had a negative effect. However, this effect was moderated by items and persons. For easy items and able persons the effect was strongly negative, for difficult items and less able persons it was less negative or even positive. The number of rules involved in a matrix problem proved to explain item difficulty significantly. Most importantly, a positive interaction effect between the number of rules and item response time indicated that the response time effect became less negative with an increasing number of rules. Moreover, exploratory analyses suggested that the error type influenced the response time effect. (DIPF/Orig.)

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