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Abubakar, Amina; He, Jia:

The association between parental support and mental health outcomes among adolescents in 17 countries
Moderating role of country socioeconomic development

In: International Psychological Bulletin, (2016) 20 , 18-22

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3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Eltern, Jugendlicher, Kognition, Psychohygiene, Sozioökonomische Lage, Unterstützung, Wirkung

Adolescents in low and middle income countries (LAMICs) as well as emerging economies experience high rates of poor mental health outcomes. Yet, there is limited research on risk and protective factors in these high risk environments. We set out to examine the extent to which parental support is positively associated with mental health outcomes among adolescents in 17 LAMICs and emerging economies. The study involved more than 40,557 (Females = 19,335; 47.7%) adolescents aged 12- 15 years. The data was part of the Global School Health Survey project. Using Multiple Indicator Multigroup Analysis we observed that parental support was positively associated with mental health outcomes across contexts (fit indices being: ²(32, N = 40,557) = 125.25, p ( .001, ²/ df = 3.91, TLI = .913, CFI = .973 and RMSEA = .008). The relationship between parental support and mental health outcomes was significant in all countries with the exception of Mauritania. A multilevel analysis to test the moderating role of country socioeconomic development indicated that poor mental health was predicted by individual-level parent support ( = -.15), and the interaction between country-level socioeconomic development (as measured by the Human Development Index) and individual-level parental support ( = -.05). The significant cross-level interaction illustrates that the association between parent support and mental health was stronger in more socioeconomically developed countries, compared with less socioeconomically developed countries in these LAMICs and emerging economies. From the perspective of international psychology, our study illustrates how existing large scale datasets can be used to evaluate theoretical propositions which have been previously tested on a limited sample size. Additionally, research and policy implications are discussed in this article. (DIPF/Orig.)

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last modified Nov 11, 2016