DIPF database of publications

Detailansicht Treffer

DIPF database of publications

Show results

Schmiedek, Florian:

Development of cognition and intelligence

In: Specht, Jule (Hrsg.): Personality development across the lifespan London : Elsevier (2017) , 309-323


Document type
4. Beiträge in Sammelwerken; Sammelband (keine besondere Kategorie)

Empirische Forschung, Persönlichkeitsentwicklung, Kognitive Entwicklung, Intelligenz, Veränderung, Lebensalter, Kognitive Kompetenz, Arbeitsgedächtnis, Kindheit, Alter, Vergleich, Lernvoraussetzungen, Lernbedingungen, Unterschied, Genetik, Umwelteinfluss

Lifespan cognitive development is shaped by biological processes of maturation and senescence and their interplay with experience-dependent processes of learning. The development of basic information-processing functions (i.e., the mechanics of cognition) is characterized by normative growth in childhood and adolescence and more or less pronounced declines in adulthood and old age, while knowledge and skill acquisition (i.e., the pragmatics of cognition) keep their potential for improvements across the adult lifespan. The large individual differences in cognitive functioning observable at any age are characterized, on the one hand, by impressive stability across the lifespan, corresponding to large heritability estimates in adulthood. On the other hand, environmental influences can strongly act on cognitive development, independently of, driven by, or interacting with genetic differences. These environmental influences range from effects of home environment, early education, and regular schooling to those of lifestyles during adulthood that characterized by intellectual stimulation, physical activity, and behavior supporting general health. (DIPF/Orig.)

Education and Human Development