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Author
Dirk, Judith; Kratzsch, Gesa Katharina; Prindle, John P.; Kröhne, Ulf; Goldhammer, Frank; Schmiedek, Florian:

Title:
Paper-based assessment of the effects of aging on response time in processing speed
A diffusion model analysis

Source:
In: Journal of Intelligence, 5 (2017) 2 , 1-16

URL of full text:
http://www.dipfdocs.de/volltexte/2020/19178/pdf/jintelligence_2017_2_Dirk_et_al_Paper-based_assessment_of_the_effects_of_aging_on_response_time_A.pdf

URN:
urn:nbn:de:0111-dipfdocs-191786

Language:
Englisch

Document type
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Schlagwörter:
Alter Mensch, Altern, Antwort, Deutschland, Empirische Untersuchung, Junger Erwachsener, Kognitionspsychologie, Leistung, Messung, Modell, Vergleichsuntersuchung, Zeit


Abstract(original):
The effects of aging on response time were examined in a paper-based lexical-decision experiment with younger (age 18-36) and older (age 64-75) adults, applying Ratcliff's diffusion model. Using digital pens allowed the paper-based assessment of response times for single items. Age differences previously reported by Ratcliff and colleagues in computer-based experiments were partly replicated: older adults responded more conservatively than younger adults and showed a slowing of their nondecision components of RT by 53 ms. The rates of evidence accumulation (drift rate) showed no age-related differences. Participants with a higher score in a vocabulary test also had higher drift rates. The experiment demonstrates the possibility to use formal processing models with paper-based tests. (DIPF/Orig.)


DIPF-Departments:
Bildung und Entwicklung; Bildungsqualität und Evaluation

Notes: