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Autor:
Dirk, Judith; Kratzsch, Gesa Katharina; Prindle, John P.; Kröhne, Ulf; Goldhammer, Frank; Schmiedek, Florian:

Titel:
Paper-based assessment of the effects of aging on response time in processing speed
A diffusion model analysis

Quelle:
In: Journal of Intelligence, 5 (2017) 2 , 1-16

Sprache:
Englisch

Dokumenttyp:
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Schlagwörter:
Alter Mensch, Altern, Antwort, Deutschland, Empirische Untersuchung, Junger Erwachsener, Kognitionspsychologie, Leistung, Messung, Modell, Vergleichsuntersuchung, Zeit


Abstract(original):
The effects of aging on response time were examined in a paper-based lexical-decision experiment with younger (age 18-36) and older (age 64-75) adults, applying Ratcliff's diffusion model. Using digital pens allowed the paper-based assessment of response times for single items. Age differences previously reported by Ratcliff and colleagues in computer-based experiments were partly replicated: older adults responded more conservatively than younger adults and showed a slowing of their nondecision components of RT by 53 ms. The rates of evidence accumulation (drift rate) showed no age-related differences. Participants with a higher score in a vocabulary test also had higher drift rates. The experiment demonstrates the possibility to use formal processing models with paper-based tests. (DIPF/Orig.)


DIPF-Abteilung:
Bildung und Entwicklung; Bildungsqualität und Evaluation

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last modified Nov 11, 2016