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Arens, A. Katrin; Preckel, Franzis:

Testing the internal/external frame of reference model with elementary school children
Extension to physical ability and intrinsic value

In: Contemporary Educational Psychology, 54 (2018) , 199-211

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Document type
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Selbstkonzept, Schülerleistung, Grundschüler, Modell, Sport, Fähigkeit, Mathematik, Deutsch, Geschlechtsspezifischer Unterschied, Schuljahr 03, Likert-Fragebogen, Faktorenanalyse, Empirische Untersuchung, Baden-Württemberg, Deutschland

Using a sample of third grade elementary school students (N=514), we tested a generalized internal/external frame of reference (GI/E) model using math, verbal, and physical education achievements as predictors, and math, verbal, and physical ability self-concepts and intrinsic values as outcomes. Therefore, the present study adds to the generalizability of the GI/E model across age and to the investigation of dimensional comparisons. The findings replicated the assumptions of the classic internal/external frame of reference model by showing positive within-domain relations between math (verbal) achievements and self-concepts, but negative cross-domain relations. Positive within-domain and negative cross-domain achievement relations were also found for math and verbal intrinsic values. The findings further showed positive relations between achievement and self-concept as well as between achievement and intrinsic value within the physical ability domain. In addition, the findings demonstrated a negative relation between math achievement and physical ability self-concept and between German achievement and physical ability intrinsic value. Hence, the findings indicated that dimensional comparisons operate across academic and non-academic domains. Boys and girls did not differ with regard to the relations among constructs as depicted in the GI/E model. However, differential mean levels of the constructs were found for boys and girls. (DIPF/Orig.)

Education and Human Development