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Döring, Thomas; Eckensberger, Lutz H.; Huppert, Annette; Breit, Heiko:

Risk management and morality in agriculture.
Conventional and organic farming in a German region.

In: Casimir, Michael J. (Ed.): Culture and the changing environment Oxford [u.a.] : Berghahn (2007) , S. 79-106


Document type
Monographieauszug; Sammelwerk/Sonstiges/referiert

Landwirtschaft, Moral, Entscheiden, Risiko, Management, Verantwortung, Natur, Tiere, Umweltschutz, Soziale Interaktion, Analyse, Deutschland

The paper represents further efforts to apply the "types of everyday morality", developed over the last ten years, to another context: farming. The four types were derived partly from empirical studies, partly from theoretical and meta-theoretical arguments. They represent a heteronomous or autonomous way of thinking on two levels of understanding the social sphere (interpersonal and transpersonal). In detail they refer not only to moral orientations, butalso to emotions, understanding of facts, risk taking, concepts of responsibility, control beliefs, solidarity with groups and identity concepts. So their conceptualization is rich, going beyond pure cognitive/ structural arguments. Farming occurs in a complex field of conflicts between economic, ecological and social domains. Two basic strategies of agricultural risk management exist: organic and conventional orientations in farming. The goal of the chapter is a detailed analysis of the morals involved in these farming styles. At first glance they seem to differ morally: often organically working farmers are considered as being more "moral" in a quite general sense (in their treatment of animals, nature and also costumers). To analyse this stereotype more closely ten conventionally and ten organically oriented farmers (self-description), five organically and five conventionally oriented experts (academic training in the field) and five organically and five conventionally oriented decision makers (officials, politicians, entrepreneurs) in the field were interviewed in depth. Basically the results show a complex picture of the two groups, which falsify a simple attribution of the groups to a difference in "moral maturity".(DIPF/Autor)

Bildung und Kultur