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Kaspar, Roman; Oswald, Frank; Hebsaker, Jakob:

Perceived social capital in self-defined urban neighborhoods as a resource for healthy aging

In: Nyqvist, Fredrica; Forsman, Anna K. (Hrsg.): Social capital as a health resource in later life New York : Springer (2015) , 109-126

International Perspectives on Aging, 11


4. Beiträge in Sammelwerken; Sammelband (keine besondere Kategorie)

Alter Mensch, Altern, Befragung, Deutschland, Frankfurt a.M., Gerontologie, Gesundheit, Nachbarschaft, Raum, Sozialkapital, Stadt, Umwelteinfluss, Wohlbefinden

Environmental gerontology has adopted a social cohesion perspective on social capital, defining social capital as a neighborhood-level characteristic rather than a property of the individual. This chapter will discuss the macro-micro relationship between social capital and healthy ageing by focusing on the role of mediating concepts indicating both the relevance of the perceived socio-physical environment for the person (e.g., urban-related identity) and processes of engagement in the community (e.g., social participation). We consider individuals' subjective definitions of neighborhood boundaries in geographical space in our attempt to assure a valid mapping of person-environment references. Based on both a phenomenological approach and a comprehensive survey with 595 community-dwelling urban citizens (Frankfurt/Main, Germany) stratified by age (70-79 vs. 80-89 years) and household composition (living alone vs. with partner), a variety of constituents of perceived neighborhood in old age are identified that clearly challenge some of the common (census tract-oriented) notions of what defines a neighborhood and point to potential mechanisms of neighboring that have been neglected in most current studies of social capital. On a descriptive level, disparities with respect to aspects of healthy ageing and social participation are described across shared perceived neighborhoods using a multi-level approach. Finally, we test the hypothesis that neighborhood-level social capital moderates the effects of social participation on healthy ageing. The consequences of perceived social capital in the neighborhood for agency and belonging components of ageing in place (i.e., place identity, social participation), and, ultimately, for healthy ageing in urban neighborhoods are revisited. (DIPF/Autor)

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