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Forkmann, Thomas; Kroehne, Ulf; Wirtz, Markus; Norra, Christine; Baumeister, Harald; Gauggel, Siegfried; Elhan, Atilla Halil; Tennant, Alan; Boecker, Maren:

Adaptive screening for depression - Recalibration of an itembank for the assessment of depression in persons with mental and somatic diseases and evaluation in a simulated computer-adaptive test environment

In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 75 (2013) 5 , 437-443

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Document type
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Depression, Evaluation, Itembank, Psychometrie, Psychosomatik, Rasch-Modell, Screening-Verfahren, Simulation, Technologiebasiertes Testen, Validität

This study conducted a simulation study for computer-adaptive testing based on the Aachen Depression Item Bank (ADIB), which was developed for the assessment of depression in persons with somatic diseases. Prior to computer-adaptive test simulation, the ADIB was newly calibrated.Recalibration was performed in a sample of 161 patients treated for a depressive syndrome, 103 patients from cardiology, and 103 patients from otorhinolaryngology (mean age 44.1, SD = 14.0; 44.7% female) and was cross-validated in a sample of 117 patients undergoing rehabilitation for cardiac diseases (mean age 58.4, SD = 10.5; 24.8% women). Unidimensionality of the itembank was checked and a Rasch analysis was performed that evaluated local dependency (LD), differential item functioning (DIF), item fit and reliability. CAT-simulation was conducted with the total sample and additional simulated data.Recalibration resulted in a strictly unidimensional item bank with 36 items, showing good Rasch model fit (item fit residuals ( |2.5|) and no DIF or LD. CAT simulation revealed that 13 items on average were necessary to estimate depression in the range of - 2 and + 2 logits when terminating at SE (= 0.32 and 4 items if using SE (= 0.50. Receiver Operating Characteristics analysis showed that imates based on the CAT algorithm have good criterion validity with regard to depression diagnoses (Area Under the Curve )= .78 for all cut-off criteria). The recalibration of the ADIB succeeded and the simulation studies conducted suggest that it has good screening performance in the samples investigated and that it may reasonably add to the improvement of depression assessment.

Educational Quality and Evaluation