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Autor:
Kriegbaum, Katharina; Jansen, Malte; Spinath, Birgit:

Titel:
Motivation
A predictor of PISA's mathematical competence beyond intelligence and prior test achievement

Quelle:
In: Learning and Individual Differences, 43 (2015) , 140-148

Sprache:
Englisch

Dokumenttyp:
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Schlagwörter:
Deutschland, Freude, Intelligenz, Interesse, Leistungstest, Mathematische Kompetenz, Motivation, PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), Schüler, Schülerleistung, Schuljahr 09, Schuljahr 10, Schulnoten, Selbstkonzept, Selbstwirksamkeit, Strukturgleichungsmodell, Vergleich


Abstract(englisch):
This study examined the relative importance of different motivational constructs for the prediction of mathematical competence in adolescents and their incremental power beyond intelligence and prior achievement. We employed both a cross-sectional and a one-year longitudinal approach using data from PISA 2003 and 2004, a nation-wide representative dataset. The sample consisted of 6020 fifteen-year-old German students who provided self-reports on their math-specific self-concept, self-efficacy, interest, and goal orientations in addition to the core PISA standardized achievement tests. Data were analyzed with structural equation models. Cross-sectionally, all motivational constructs incrementally contributed to the prediction of mathematical competence beyond intelligence (explained variance: 1%-29%). After controlling longitudinally for intelligence and prior achievement, self-efficacy, self-concept, interest, and learning goals significantly predicted subsequent mathematical competence one year later. Relative weights analyses compared the predictive power of all variables simultaneously and showed that intelligence (cross-sectional) and prior achievement (longitudinal) explained the largest portion of variance in mathematical competence, followed by task-specific self-efficacy as the strongest motivational predictor. These results confirm that motivation plays an important role in predicting academic achievement. (DIPF/Autor)


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last modified Nov 11, 2016