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Schmid, Johanna; Stadler, Gertraud; Dirk, Judith; Fiege, Christiane; Gawrilow, Caterina:

ADHD symptoms in adolescents' everyday life
Fluctuations and symptom structure within and between individuals

In: Journal of Attention Disorders, (2016) , online first

URL of full text:


Document type
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Aufmerksamkeits-Defizit-Hyperaktivitäts-Störung, Beobachtung, Bericht, Bewertung, Deutschland, Jugendlicher, Längsschnittuntersuchung

Objective: This study investigated whether self-reported ADHD symptoms fluctuate substantially within adolescents from day to day, and examined the underlying symptom factor structure on a within- and between-person level. Method: Adolescents (N = 166) rated their ADHD symptoms over the phone on eight consecutive evenings (total ratings: n = 1,264). Results: ADHD symptoms showed substantial fluctuations within adolescents from day to day, as indicated by within-person standard deviations and intraclass correlation coefficients. Both a two-level factor model with three correlated factors (inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity) and a two-level bifactor model with a general ADHD symptom factor and a specific inattention factor provided acceptable to good accounts of the structure underlying daily ADHD symptom ratings on the between- and the within-person level. Conclusion: The study demonstrates that adolescents' ADHD symptoms fluctuate from day to day and highlights the need for intensive diagnostic processes with repeated symptom assessments and interventions that address symptom fluctuations. (DIPF/Orig.)

Education and Human Development