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Kroehne, Ulf; Hahnel, Carolin; Goldhammer, Frank:

Invariance of the response processes between gender and modes in an assessment of reading

In: Frontiers in Applied Mathematics and Statistics, (2019) , 5:2

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Document type
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Beitrag in Sonderheft

Lesefertigkeit, Technologiebasiertes Testen, Computerunterstütztes Verfahren, Papier-Bleistift-Test, Antwort, Zeit, Messung, Item-Response-Theory, Modell, Geschlechtsspezifischer Unterschied, Logdatei, Datenanalyse, Empirische Untersuchung, Deutschland

In this paper, we developed a method to extract item-level response times from log data that are available in computer-based assessments (CBA) and paper-based assessments (PBA) with digital pens. Based on response times that were extracted using only time differences between responses, we used the bivariate generalized linear IRT model framework (B-GLIRT, [1]) to investigate response times as indicators for response processes. A parameterization that includes an interaction between the latent speed factor and the latent ability factor in the cross-relation function was found to fit the data best in CBA and PBA. Data were collected with a within-subject design in a national add-on study to PISA 2012 administering two clusters of PISA 2009 reading units. After investigating the invariance of the measurement models for ability and speed between boys and girls, we found the expected gender effect in reading ability to coincide with a gender effect in speed in CBA. Taking this result as indication for the validity of the time measures extracted from time differences between responses, we analyzed the PBA data and found the same gender effects for ability and speed. Analyzing PBA and CBA data together we identified the ability mode effect as the latent difference between reading measured in CBA and PBA. Similar to the gender effect the mode effect in ability was observed together with a difference in the latent speed between modes. However, while the relationship between speed and ability is identical for boys and girls we found hints for mode differences in the estimated parameters of the cross-relation function used in the B-GLIRT model. (DIPF/Orig.)

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