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Arens, A. Katrin; Visser, Linda:

Personal peer victimization and ethnic peer victimization
Findings on their co-occurrence, predictors, and outcomes from a latent profile analysis

In: Child Abuse & Neglect, 99 (2020) , 104250

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Document type
3a. Beiträge in begutachteten Zeitschriften; Aufsatz (keine besondere Kategorie)

Schüler, Grundschule, Immigrant, Peer-Group, Viktimisierung, Ethnische Gruppe, Muttersprache, Nationalität, Depression, Angst, Selbstachtung, Selbstkonzept, Gleichaltriger, Prädiktor, Datenanalyse, Sekundäranalyse, D-Hessen, D-Bayern, Deutschland

Background: Findings on whether immigrant students suffer from higher levels of peer victimization have been inconsistent, perhaps due to a blend of measures for personal and ethnic peer victimization. Objective: In this study, we investigated personal and ethnic peer victimization using latent profile analyses. The profiles were related to various predictor and outcome variables. Participants and Setting: The sample consisted of N=4367 German elementary school students attending grades 3 and 4. Methods: The students responded to eight items addressing personal peer victimization and one item addressing ethnic peer victimization. Results: The findings indicated a three-profile solution. In Profile 1, students experienced a combination of personal and ethnic peer victimization; Profile 2 contained students without any victimization experiences; in Profile 3, students experienced personal peer victimization only. Relative to native German-speaking students, non-native German-speaking students had a higher chance to be classified in Profile 1 compared to Profiles 2 and 3. Both profiles of peer victimization (i.e., Profiles 1 and 3) were associated with negative outcomes including higher levels of different types of anxiety and depression, and lower levels of self-esteem and peer self-concept. Conclusions: Student subgroups of different patterns of peer victimization were found, whereby ethnic peer victimization was blended with personal peer victimization in one subgroup, and personal peer victimization was experienced in a pure form in another subgroup. The two victimization subgroups did not differ with regard to outcomes, but were differentially predicted by students' native language. (DIPF/Orig.)

Education and Human Development