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Gniewosz, Burkhard; Noack, Peter; Buhl, Monika:

Political alienation in adolescence:
Associations with parental role models, parenting styles and classroom climate.

In: International Journal of Behavioral Development, 33 (2009) 4 , S. 337-346


Document type
Zeitschriftenaufsatz; Zeitschriftenaufsatz/referiert,statusäquivalent

Adoleszenz, Politik, Entfremdung, Politische Sozialisation, Familie, Einstellung (Psychologie), Einflussfaktor, Beeinflussung, Erziehungsstil, Schule, Schulklima, Demokratische Erziehung, Schüler, Schuljahr 06, Schuljahr 08, Schuljahr 10, Lehrer, Eltern, Rollenverhalten, Politische Bildung, Empirische Untersuchung, Methodologie, Befragung, Mehrebenenanalyse, Thüringen, Deutschland

The present study examined how parental political attitudes, parenting styles, and classroom characteristicspredict adolescents' political alienation, as feelings about the individual's ability to affectthe political system's performance at the individual level. Participants were 463 families that includedmothers, fathers, and their adolescent children in 6th, 8th, and 10th grades. Teachers reported onthe classroom context. Multilevel analyses indicated several findings: parental and adolescent political attitudes supported a parent-adolescent transmission process, adolescents' perceptions of parentalattitudes mediated the transmission process, authoritarian parenting style positively predictedadolescent political alienation, and classrooms comprised of teachers with clear educational goalswere negatively related to adolescent political alienation. Results are discussed in terms of learningpolitical alienation within family by parent- child transmission. Associations among adolescent politicalalienation, parenting style, and classroom climate are considered as interaction characteristicswith authorities shaping adolescents' political attitudes. (DIPF/Orig.)

Educational Quality and Evaluation